is often expressed as huge open-air museum with relic
so well preserved for the travelers and the curious
of the day. It is action-packed with outdoors too; take
a safari on horses, camels, elephants or even jeeps
with the Arrivals - India's oldest mountain range in
the backdrop, or caress your eyes on the sloppy sand
dunes, or trail a tiger or just watch birds on wetland.
Or you can choose to pamper yourself in the lavish heritage
properties. Rajasthan has something for everyone, just
choose your activity.
The history of India dates back almost
five thousand years, and Rajasthan plays a crucial and
unique role, especially with regard to the development
of Indian culture. Its impressive story reaches through
a heroic past. Its extravagant splashes of bright hues
against the desert landscape and the purity of its dry
and sandy reaches, the miniature elegance of its small
villages and impeccably maintained forts brings alive
the story of the yore. The appearance of its grand forts
perched on rocky hills still tell the story of the bravery
of its men and the stoic sacrifice of its women, and
the chivalrous old world manners of all. слинг с кольцами мать ехидна
The Rajputs rose to prominence in the
9th and 10th centuries, and were a major force to reckon
with medieval India. Passionately attached to their
land, family and honour, the Rajputs treated war as
a sport, and followed a strong chivalric code of conduct.
Myths and legends of their valour, gallantry, sacrifice
and courage are legion. There are many heroes among
the Rajputs, such as Prithviraj Chauhan, who fought
successfully against the invader Muhammad Ghori in the
battle of Tarain (1191), although he died on the same
battlefield in the following year.
Or the great Rana
Pratap of Mewar, who defiantly withstood the might of
the Mughal, and continued to raid on them even after
his defeat. He died in 1597, and his son, Ambar Singh,
took over the mantle of opposition to Mughal rule. Rana
Pratap was the lone exception, as most of the leading
Rajput clans finally married into Mughal royalty and
nobility, and went into direct State service of the
Mughal Empire. This was chiefly at the behest of the
wise and farsighted Mughal emperor, Akbar, who was able
to consolidate and expand his empire because of his
close ties with the proud Rajputs, the men who made
formidable enemies and also steadfast and loyal friends.
At the time of independence on 15th august 1947, Rajasthan
was known Rajputana (country of Rajputs). It comprised
of 18 Princely States, two chieftains and a British
administered province of Ajmer-Merwara besides a few
pockets and territories outside its main boundaries.
It took seven stages to form Rajasthan
as defined today. In March 1948 the Matsya Union comprising
of Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli was formed.
Also in March '48 Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar,
Kishangarh, Kota, Pratapgarh, Shahpura and Tonk joined
the Indian union and formed a part of Rajasthan. In
April '48 Udaipur joined the state and the Maharana
of Udaipur was made Rajpramukh. Therefore in 1948 the
merger of south and southeastern states was almost complete.
Still retaining their independence from India were Jaipur
and the desert kingdoms of Bikaner, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer.
From a security point of view, it was vital to the new
Indian Union to ensure that the desert kingdoms were
integrated into the new nation.
The princes finally agreed
to sign the Instrument of Accession, and the kingdoms
of Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Jaipur were merged
in March 1949. This time the Maharaja of Jaipur, Man
Singh II was made the Rajpramukh of the state and Jaipur
became its capital. Later in 1949, the United State
of Matsya, comprising the former kingdoms of Bharatpur,
Alwar, Karauli and Dholpur, was incorporated into Rajasthan.
On January 26th 1950, 18 states of united Rajasthan
merged with Sirohi to join the state leaving Abu and
Dilwara to remain a part of Greater Bombay and now Gujarat.
In November 1956 under the State Re-organisation Act,
1956 the erstwhile part 'C' State of Ajmer, Abu Road
Taluka, former part of princely State Sirohi (which
were merged in former Bombay), State and Sunel Tappa
region of the former Madhya Bharat merged with Rajasthan
and Sirohi sub district of Jhalawar was transferred
to Madhya Pradesh. Thus giving the existing boundary
Rajasthan. Today with further reorganisation of the
states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. Rajasthan
has become the largest state of the Indian Republic.
The princes of the former kingdoms were constitutionally
granted handsome remuneration in the form of privy purses
and privileges to assist them in the discharge of their
financial obligations. In1970, Indira Gandhi, who was
then the Prime Minister of India, commenced under-takings
to discontinue the privy purses, which were abolished
in 1971. Many of the former princes still continue to
use the title of Maharaja but the title has little else
power other than status symbol. Many of the Maharajas
still hold their palaces and have converted them into
profitable hotel while some have made good in politics.
The democratically elected Government runs the state
with a Chief Minister as its executive head and the
Governor as the head of the state.
The Land and Topography
The State has an area of 343,000 sq km. The capital
city is Jaipur.
The Aravali Range runs across the state from southwest
Guru Peak (Mount Abu), which is 1,722 m in height to
Khetri in the northeast. This divides the state into
60% in the north west of the lines and 40% in the southeast.
The northwest tract is sandy and unproductive with little
water but improves gradually from desert land in the
far west and northwest to comparatively fertile and
habitable land towards the east. The area includes the
Great Indian (Thar) Desert.
The south-eastern area, higher in elevation (100 to
350 m above sea level) and more fertile, has a very
diversified topography. In the south lies the hilly
tract of Mewar. In the southeast a large area of the
districts of Kota and Bundi forms a tableland, and to
the northeast of these districts is a rugged region
(badlands) following the line of the Chambal River.
Further north the country levels out; the flat plains
of the northeastern Bharatpur district are part of the
alluvial basin of the Yamuna River.More...
As the state of Rajasthan was found by merging the princely
states, it has many dialects.
The four main dialects are Marwari (in western Rajasthan),
Jaipuri or Dhundhari (in the east and southeast), Malvi
(Malwi; in the southeast), and, in Alwar, Mewati is
spoken, which shades off into Braj Bhasa in Bharatpur
The main language written and spoken is Hindi.English
is also commonly understood, except at the grass root
levels. However, tourist guides and translators are
also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese.
Rajasthan offers wide ranging accommodations that can
match constraint from single bed dormitories costing
$ 1 per night to some of the most elite and luxurious
5 star deluxe hotels in the world. Most of these five-starred
deluxe hotels are properties converted from former palaces
and forts and they offer a superlative and fulsome life
style for experience. The state owned RTDC runs a chain
of hotels invariably available at every destination,
these are also known as Tourist Bungalows. The chain
provides reasonable priced accommodations in dormitory,
single room, air cooled rooms and air-conditioned rooms.
Each hotel has a restaurant and some even have a bar.
Normally a Tourists Reception Centre is also located
on the same premises and is handy for any information.
International food chains like Mc Donald, Pizza Hut,
Dominos etc exist along with international beverages
like Coco Cola, Pepsi or Nescafe.
Rajasthan is the largest state in the Republic of India
and has vibrant trade and industry. It is rich in mineral
resources and a recent exploration also found large
deposits of oil. Modern Rajasthan has some of best banking
service and is well serviced by ATM honouring all international
credit and debit cards